Agile Interview Questions and Answers, Agile Interview Questions and Answers Freshers, Agile Interview Questions and Answers, Agile Interview Questions
Before getting on to the Agile interview questions, the student must know that the Agile is a continuously varying field which needs the students as well as professionals to upgrade their skills with the new features and knowledge, to get fit for the jobs associated with Agile. This post related to Agile Interview Questions and Answers, Agile Interview Questions and Answers Freshers, Agile Interview Questions and Answers, Agile Interview Questions will help you let out find all the solutions that are frequently asked in you upcoming Agile interview.
Over thousands of vacancies available for the Agile developers, experts must be acquaintance with all the component of Agile technologies. This is necessary for the students in order to have in-depth knowledge of the subject so that they can have best employment opportunities in the future. Knowing every little detail about Agile is the best approach to solve the problems linked with problem.
APTRON has spent hours and hours in researching about the Agile Interview Questions and Answers, Agile Interview Questions and Answers Freshers, Agile Interview Questions and Answers, Agile Interview Questions that you might encounter in your upcoming interview. All these questions will alone help you to crack the interview and make you the best among all your competitors.
First of all, let us tell you about how the Agile technology is evolving in today’s world and how demanding it is in the upcoming years. In fact, according to one study, most of the companies and businesses have moved to the Agile. Now, you cannot predict how huge the future is going to be for the people experienced in the related technologies.
Hence, if you are looking for boosting up your profile and securing your future, Agile will help you in reaching the zenith of your career. Apart from this, you would also have a lot of opportunities as a fresher.
These questions alone are omnipotent. Read and re-read the questions and their solutions to get accustomed to what you will be asked in the interview. These Agile interview questions and answers will also help you on your way to mastering the skills and will take you to the giant world where worldwide and local businesses, huge or medium, are picking up the best and quality Agile professionals.
This ultimate list of best Agile interview questions will ride you through the quick knowledge of the subject and topics like Agile analysis and design, Soft skills negotiation, Value-based prioritization. This Agile interview questions and answers can be your next gateway to your next job as a Agile expert.
These are very Basic Agile Interview Questions and Answers for freshers and experienced both.
Q1: What is Agile Testing?
A1: Agile Testing is a practice that a QA follows in a dynamic environment where testing requirements keep changing according to the customer needs. It is done parallel to the development activity where testing team receives frequent small codes from the development team for testing.
Q2: Define the roles in Scrum?
A2: There are mainly three roles that a Scrum team have:
- Project Owner – who has the responsibility of managing product backlog. Works with end users and customers and provide proper requirement to the team to build the proper product.
- Scrum Master – who works with scrum team to make sure each sprint gets complete on time. Scrum master ensure proper work flow to the team.
- Scrum Team – Each member in the team should be self-organized, dedicated and responsible for high quality of the work.
Q3: Explain Velocity in Agile?
A3: Velocity is a metric that is calculated by addition of all efforts estimates associated with user stories completed in a iteration. It predicts how much work Agile can complete in a sprint and how much time will require to complete a project.
Q4: What is re-factoring?
A4: Modification of the code without changing its functionality to improve the performance is called re-factoring.
Q5: What is a test stub?
A5: A small code which mimics a specific component in the system and can replace it. Its output is same as the component it replaces.
Q6: What is a Task board in Agile?
A6: Task board is dash board which shows progress of the project. It contains:
- User Story: which has the actual business requirement.
- To Do: Tasks that can be worked on.
- In Progress: Tasks in progress.
- To Verify: Tasks pending for verification or testing
- Done: Completed tasks.
Q7: What is Scrum ban?
A7: It is a software development model which is combination of scrum and kanban. Scrumban is considered for maintenance projects in which there are frequent changes or unexpected user stories. It can reduce the minimum completion time for user stories.
Q8: What is Spike?
A8: There may be some technical issues or design problem in the project which needs to be resolved first. To provide the solution of these problem “Spikes” are created. Spikes are of two types- Functional and Technical.
Q9: What is tracer bullet?
A9: It can be defined as spike with the current architecture or the current set of best practices.
The purpose of a tracer bullet is to examine how an end-to-end process will work and examine feasibility.
Q10: What are the differences between Agile and traditional project management (Waterfall)?
A10: Agile encourages that a little of everything, including design, development, and testing is done at the same time. Conversely, the traditional approach to projects closes and completes one phase before the next begins. Agile encourages short, frequent feedback loops and embraces changes to requirements. In Waterfall, feedback is usually not collected until the very end of the project, and changes are discouraged.
Q11: What are the roles in Scrum?
A11: Scrum prescribes only three roles: the Product Owner, Scrum Master, and the Delivery Team. These roles should ideally be cross-functional and not shared among other projects. Many Scrum Masters have not had the opportunity to work with a team that was cross-functional or dedicated due to the organization’s resistance or inability to allow for what some refer to as a “luxury.” This question may lead the interviewer to ask how you would handle working with a team that did not have a designer or tester within the team or how you would handle a team that was not dedicated.
Q12: What is the role of the Scrum Master?
A12: Here’s how to handle a Scrum Master interview question like this: The Scrum Master serves the team and shields them from any distractions that could prevent them from completing a sprint goal. They also remove blocks, teach the team to become self-organized and serve as a coach who teaches Agile and Scrum values and principles.
Q13: When should you use Waterfall over Scrum?
A13: Use waterfall if the requirements are simple, predictable, fully defined and understood, and will not change.
Q14: How long were your sprints?
A14: An ideal sprint length is between one and four weeks, with a two-week sprint being the most widely used.
Q15: What is Agile Manifesto?
A15: Agile manifesto defines 4 key points:
- Individuals and interactions over process and tools
- Working software over comprehensive documentation
- Customer collaboration over contract negotiation
- Responding to change over following a plan
Q16: What approach do you follow when requirements change continuously?
A16: In Agile methodology, change in requirement is possible. It’s not like other traditional methodologies where the requirements are locked down at the requirement phase. Every team member should be ready to handle the changes in the project.
The team should work closely with the Product Owner to understand the scope of requirement change and to negotiate to keep the requirement changes to a minimum or to adopt those changes in next sprint. Based on the requirement changes Test Team could update the Test Plan and Test Cases to achieve the deadlines. The team should understand the risk in the requirement change and prepare a contingency plan. It is a best practice not to go for the automation process until requirements are finalized.
Q17: When do we use Agile Scrum Methodology?
- When the client is not so clear on requirements
- When the client expects quick releases
- When the client doesn’t give all the requirements at a time
Q18: What is the difference between Burn-up and Burn-down chart?
A18: Burn Down Charts provide proof that the project is on track or not. Both burn-up and burn-down charts are graphs used to track the progress of a project.
Burn-up charts represent how much work has been completed in a project whereas Burn-down chart represents the remaining work left in a project.
Q19: What does the term increment mean?
A19: When the sprint id finished by the team it is usually meant that all the tasks that they have planned have been completed. The term increment refers to the sum of all the backlog product items that were completed in a sprint. The new increment value will have the value of the last sprint value.
Q20: What does the term impediment mean?
A20: Any obstacles that do not allow smooth flow of work which results in the underperformance of the team to perform tasks in a better way is known as an impediment.
Q21: What is the right moment to use agile model?
A21: There are certain methodologies and developments which can use agile like lean software development feature drove development, dynamic development and crystal methodologies.
Q22: What do you mean by release candidate?
A22: To make sure that during the last development stage there is no critical problem left behind a code or version or a build is released which is known as a release candidate. This is equivalent to final build and it is used for testing.
Q23: What is Zero sprint in Agile?
A23: It can be defined as pre-step to the first sprint. Things like setting up the development environment, preparing backlog etc needs to be done before starting of the first sprint and can be treated as Sprint zero.
Q24: What do you mean by product burn down chart?
A24: Product burn down chart is the graphical representation of a description that shows implementation and the non-implemented product backlog.
Q25: What does build breaker mean?
A25: There are certain times when the developer accidentally commits a bug in the software. This bug might stop the process of compilation or generated warring. It is the cause of failure during normal execution of testing. In such cases, it is said that the build is broken. The main priority of the tester now is to rectify the bug.
Q26: What do you know about Kanban?
A26: A tool which is used in helping the team to overlook the work which includes its progress is known as Kanban. Along with progress, the status of the current development story is also described by Kanban and it is done by Kanban board.
Q27: List out the pros and cons of exploratory testing (used in Agile) and scripted testing?
|Exploratory Testing||– It requires less preparation- Easy to modify when requirement changes- Works well when documentation is scarce||– Presenting progress and Coverage to project management is difficult|
|Scripted Testing||– In case testing against legal or regulatory requirements it is very useful||– Test preparation is usually time-consuming- Same steps are tested over and again- When requirement changes it is difficult to modify|
Q28: Explain the difference between Extreme programming and Scrum?
|Scrum||Extreme Programing (XP)|
|– Scrum teams usually have to work in iterations called sprints which usually last up to two weeks to one month long||– XP team works in iteration that last for one or two weeks|
|– Scrum teams do not allow change into their sprints||– XP teams are more flexible and change their iterations|
|– In scrum, the product owner prioritizes the product backlog but the team decides the sequence in which they will develop the backlog items||– XP team work in strict priority order, features developed are prioritized by the customer|
|– Scrum does not prescribe any engineering practices||– XP does prescribe engineering practices|
Q29: What are the differences between RUP (Rational Unified Process) and Scrum methodologies?
|– Formal Cycle is defined across four phases, but some workflows can be concurrent||– Each sprint is a complete cycle|
|– Formal project plan, associated with multiple iterations is used.||– No end to end project plan. Each next iteration plan is determined at the end of the current iteration|
|– Scope is predefined ahead of the project start and documented in the scope document. During the project, scope can be revised.||– It uses a project backlog instead of scope scrum|
|– Artifacts include Scope Document, formal functional requirements package, system architecture document, development plan, test scripts, etc.||– Operational software is the only formal artifacts|
|– Recommended for long term, large, enterprise level projects with medium to high complexity||– Recommended for quick enhancements and organization that are not dependent on a deadline|
Q30: What does a scrum burn down chart comprise?
A30: A scrum burn down chart should consist of
- X-axis that displays working days
- Y-axis that displays remaining effort
- Ideal effort as guideline
- Real progress of effort
Q31: What are the artifacts of Scrum process?
A31: Scrum process artifacts include
- Sprint backlog – The Sprint Backlog is the set of Product Backlog items selected for the Sprint, plus a plan for delivering the product Increment and realizing the Sprint Goal. The Sprint Backlog is a forecast by the Development Team about what functionality will be in the next Increment and the work needed to deliver that functionality into a “Done” Increment.
- Product backlog –The Product Backlog is an ordered list of everything that might be needed in the product and is the single source of requirements for any changes to be made to the product. The Product Owner is responsible for the Product Backlog, including its content, availability, and ordering.
- Velocity chart-A velocity chart shows the sum of estimates of the work delivered across all iterations. Typically, velocity will stabilize through the life of a project unless the project team make-up varies widely or the length of the iteration changes.
- Burn-down chart –It is a chart that shows how quickly you and your team are burning through your customer’s user stories. It shows the total effort against the amount of work we deliver on each iteration.
Q32: Does maximum velocity mean maximum productivity?
A32: No, in an attempt to maximize velocity, a team may in fact achieve the opposite. If asked to maximize velocity, a team may skimp on unit or acceptance testing, reduce customer collaboration, skip fixing bugs, minimize re-factoring. While potentially offering short-term improvement (if you can call it that), there will be a negative long-term impact. The goal is not to maximize velocity instead the optimal velocity over time, which takes into account many factors including quality of the end product.
Q33: How to measure velocity if our iteration lengths change?
A33: You can’t measure it easily. Velocity’s value comes from its inherent consistency. A fixed iteration length helps drive the reliable rhythm of a project. Without this rhythm, you are constantly revising, re-estimating, and reconciling, and the ability to predict out in the future is minimized due to inconsistent results.
If, on the other hand, almost everyone is going to be out a week for the holidays or a couple days for company-wide meetings then by all means adapt iteration dates or velocity accordingly. Like most agile practices, these are guidelines, not strict rules.
Agile Conclusion Interview FAQs
We know the list of Agile Interview Questions and Answers, Agile Interview Questions and Answers Freshers, Agile Interview Questions and Answers, Agile Interview Questions is overwhelming but the advantages of reading all the questions will maximize your potential and help you crack the interview. The surprising fact is that this Agile interview questions and answers post covers all the basic of the Agile technology and you have to check out the FAQs of different components of Agile too.
However, you will be asked with the questions in the interview related to the above mentioned questions. Preparing and understanding all the concept of Agile technology will help you strengthen the other little information around the topic.
After preparing these interview questions, we recommend you to go for a mock interview before facing the real one. You can take the help of your friend or a Agile expert to find the loop holes in your skills and knowledge. Moreover, this will also allow you in practicing and improving the communication skill which plays a vital role in getting placed and grabbing high salaries.
Remember, in the interview, the company or the business or you can say the examiner often checks your basic knowledge of the subject. If your basics is covered and strengthened, you can have the job of your dream. The industry experts understand that if the foundation of the student is already made up, it is easy for the company to educate the employ towards advance skills. If there are no basics, there is no meaning of having learnt the subject.
Therefore, it’s never too late to edge all the basics of any technology. If you think that you’ve not acquired the enough skills, you can join our upcoming batch of Agile Training in Noida. We are one of the best institute for Agile in noida which provide advance learning in the field of Agile Course. We’ve highly qualified professionals working with us and promise top quality education to the students.
We hope that you enjoyed reading Agile Interview Questions and Answers, Agile Interview Questions and Answers Freshers, Agile Interview Questions and Answers, Agile Interview Questions and all the FAQs associated with the interview. Do not forget to revise all the Agile interview questions and answers before going for the Agile interview. In addition to this, if you’ve any doubt or query associated with Agile, you can contact us anytime. We will be happy to help you out at our earliest convenience. At last, we wish you all the best for your upcoming interview on Agile Technology.